After the meeting held yesterday at the headquarters of the Peruvian Foreign Ministry, the members of the Lima Group, composed of Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Santa Lucia, issued a statement with the central purpose of ignoring the legitimacy of the new mandate of Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro. In addition, the integrated bloc at the urging of Washington to promote the overthrow of the Bolivarian regime urged the international community to ignore Maduro, as well as to deny any financial or military assistance to the Caribbean nation, and urged the International Criminal Court to accelerate the investigation of alleged crimes against humanity. Mexico, despite being a founding member of the group, marked a turning point in its role within it by rejecting the signing of the interventionist statement.
The meeting was the first major test for the government of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador in the field of Latin American diplomacy. It should be recalled that in the last stretch of his presidency, former President Enrique Peña Nieto and his chancellor, Luis Videgaray Caso, undertook an assault without quarter against the Mexican diplomatic tradition, based on the principle of non-intervention and unrestricted respect for the issues inmates of the States. If this doctrine, which for decades gave prestige and recognition to national diplomacy, had already suffered hard and sometimes embarrassing blows during the federal PAN administrations, Peña’s desire to ingratiate himself with the White House of Donald Trump led to the shameful surrender of the Mexican foreign policy, which threatened to make the country a mere Washington satellite.
It must be recognized that on such a delicate occasion and with such far-reaching consequences, the incoming leader instructed the diplomatic corps, through the Under Secretary for Latin America and the Caribbean of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Maximiliano Reyes, to honor his commitment to the campaign to recover the best of foreign policy and stop the abjection that marked it in recent decades. In this sense, the rejection of any mechanism that does not privilege the promotion of peace and dialogue among Venezuelans is an example of the role that the international community must fulfill if it wishes to get involved in the situation that this nation is going through.
In deplorable contrast, the position of almost all Latin American countries shows the disturbing hegemony of right and far right regimes, characterized by their direct ties -even blood- or their open defense of military dictatorships that in the last half of the century past they devastated to the region, by its aggressive defense of the oligarchic interests and by its predisposition to be put under before the American power. In the current conjuncture, the will of these governments to unhesitatingly push the coup against one of their peers strips the ethical misery of the rights and invalidates any pretension of defense of democracy that they intend to arrogate to themselves.