In a state of nature human beings live through consistent patterns or “regularities” in the way living systems evolve over time.

We can articulate these patterns in the form of theories, and sets, as follows:


1. Theory of Completeness of Parts.

Ecosophy arises as the result of a synthesis of previous separate matters (disciplines) into a single whole. In order to live and to be viable the system includes three basic sets:

Demand Set

Production Set

Taste or Psychological Set.

Each set is an open set. If any of these sets is missing or inefficient, to that extent the ecosophic system is incapable of surviving and prevailing against its competitor systems (i.e., those which impose power, e.g., Political, Military, and any Violence System.)


2. Theory of Entropy and Energy Conductivity. 

An Ecosophic System evolves in the direction of increasing efficiency in the transfer of energy from outside to inside. This transfer can take place through a condition or state that can be called entropy, as in Physics (it is the case of using the same term just because it indicates the same phenomenon.)

The higher is the entropy, the higher the conductivity. Therefore, the higher is the conductivity, the lower the enthalpy.

Entropy can be argued as the thermodynamic quantity that characterizes the trend of closed systems (i.e., those systems, which do not exchange matter or energy with surrounding environment) to evolve to the maximum equilibrium. Entropy is the quantity that signifies the non-reversibility of natural phenomena, as it is the index of energy degradation. Energy and matter degrades while entropy increases, thus resulting inapplicable.

N. Georgescu-Roegen firstly used the theory of entropy in Economics, in order to emphasize, as economic processes are not “circular”, and non-reversible, and that the stock of natural resources is tending to exhaust itself (this theory is also used by major ecologists.)

In Information Theory people use the term entropy as the “quantity” of information (the higher entropy, the lower information.)

In Physics any entropy increase indicates the system’s passage to a state of greater disorder.

Imagine, for example, the passage of water from solid state to liquid state: in solid state molecules are tied each other in the ice crystal lattice, (thus easier to be identified in any fixed position), whilst in liquid state molecules, subject to weaker cohesion forces, are stimulated by a less thermal motion, that is, they are more irregular. In order to transit from solid to liquid state the system has to absorb heath (energy, enthalpy) at constant temperature, therefore its entropy variation shall be positive, i.e., entropy increases in correspondence of the passage to a phase characterized by a greater disorder.

We apply to entropy as the natural chaos, the microscopic disorder of a system, which allows enthalpy (Information, Culture, etc.,) to be acknowledged by and transferred to ecosophic systems (i.e., we can argue that entropy and enthalpy are in a reverse function than that given by Information Theory.

This transfer can take place through a state more or less state of entropy, and the entropy level will be the meter of transfer efficiency. In a scale of entropy, we consider the U.S. as the highest entropy system, and Australia as the lowest.


3. Theory of Harmonization of Rhythms.




4. Theory of Ideal Efficiency.

An Ecosophic System evolves in such a direction as to increase its degree of efficiency. Efficiency is defined as the quotient of the sum of the system’s benefits, Bi, divided by the sum of its cost effects Cj.


Efficiency = E = ──




Benefit effects include all the valuable result of the system’s functioning. Cost effects include either individual or system cost.

Taking this trend to its limit, we can assume the notion of Ideal Efficiency is obtained when the Bi are maximum and the Cj are minimum. The theory thus states that as the system evolves, the sum of the Bi trend upward and the sum of Cj trend downward.


From Mechanics we can assume, as stated by Stan Kaplan “A technical system evolves in such a direction to increase its degree of ideality”.


From Economics we can assume the following theories:

Cost/Benefit Analysis

Profit Maximization

Scarcity (as a prerequisite for any economic behaviour)


Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen, (Konstanz 1906), Rumanian economist, who first applied Thermodynamics laws to Economics. See Economics and Economic Process, (1971).

Stan Kaplan, An Introduction to TRIZ, Ideation International Inc., 1996









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