The Third Commission of the General Assembly at UN, which deals with human rights, approved a resolution calling on Member States to stop executions.

This invitation was already addressed in the past. Everything started on the initiative of Italy that in 2007: the European Union presented to the United Nations a first proposal for a moratorium. Since then, the number of countries that have joined this appeal has always grown. The last vote results is that there are 123 countries (eight more than the last vote) who formally expressed their support for the UN recommendation to stop executions.
The draft resolution was adopted only after intense debate and in the end the negative positions of some countries emerged: 36 representatives voted against and 30 abstained.
It is “a positive sign towards the complete abolition of capital punishment in the world,” said Ambassador Mariangela Zappia, Italy’s permanent representative to the United Nations.
The opinion of Amnesty International is also positive: “The numbers do not seem huge, two or three states every year”, said Chiara Sangiorgio, “but over time it is significant that the support (to the resolution, ed) is certainly on the rise”.

Also UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, praised the efforts of the countries to end this practice on the occasion of the World Day against the Death Penalty. “170 states have either abolished the death penalty or introduced a moratorium on its use,” he said.

According to Amnesty International, 33 countries would have performed at least one execution in the last five years. In seven countries the death penalty would be allowed only for serious crimes in exceptional circumstances, such as those committed during the war. And there are 29 countries that, despite having in their criminal law the death penalty, have not carried out any death sentence in the last 10 years.
On the other hand, the countries that have carried out at least one death sentence in 2017 are many and among them there are surprises: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Botswana, Chad, China, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq , Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestinian Territories, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Taiwan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, USA, Vietnam

Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Botswana, Chad, China, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq , Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestinian Territories, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Taiwan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, USA, Vietnam

and Yemen.

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