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Coherence and correspondence theory of truth theories in the concept of democracy


Considerations about

coherence and correspondence theory of truth Truth#Major theories

in the concept of “democracy”


  1. We want to investigate whether the concept of democracy is coherent or correspondent in the theory of truth.

Coherence theory of truth 

regards truth as coherence within some specified set of sentences, propositions or beliefs

Correspondence theory of truth

claim that true beliefs and true statements correspond to the actual state of affairs. This type of theory attempts to posit a relationship between thoughts or statements on one hand, and things or facts on the other.

  1. From Wikipedia we follow the following definitions mostly used in current politics.

Democracy The term originates from the Greek δημοκρατία (dēmokratía) “rule of the people”,[4] which was found from δῆμος (dêmos) “people” and κράτος (krátos) “power” or “rule”, in the 5th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in Greek city-states, notably Athens; the term is an antonym to ἀριστοκρατία (aristokratía) “rule of an elite”.

Demoarchy Such a term does not exist. We cannot understand why, given that the term Monarchy exists. Anyway, that’s so.

Monarchy The word “monarch” (Latin: monarcha) comes from the Greek language word μονάρχης, monárkhēs (from μόνος monos, “one, singular”, and ἄρχω árkhō, “to rule” (compare ἄρχων arkhon, “leader, ruler, chief”)) which referred to a single, at least nominally absolute ruler. In current usage the word monarchy usually refers to a traditional system of hereditary rule, as elective monarchies are rare nowadays.

Monocracy better know as autocracy. An autocracy is a system of government in which supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control (except perhaps for the implicit threat of a coup d’état or mass insurrection)

Oligocracy such a term, similarly to democracy, does not exist, and we cannot understand why.

Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos), meaning “few”, and ἄρχω (arkho), meaning “to rule or to command”)[1][2][3] is a form ofpower structure in which power effectively rests with a small number of people. 

Aristocracy (Greek ἀριστοκρατία aristokratía, from ἄριστος aristos “excellent, (n.o.w. the best” and κράτος kratos “power”) is a form of government that places power in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class.[1] The term derives from the Greek aristokratia, meaning “rule of the best”

Aristarchy Such a term does not exist and we do not understand why, considering that the term Ἀρίσταρχος exists in Greeck language.

Aristarchus of Samothrace (Greek: Ἀρίσταρχος; c. 220 – c. 143 BC) was a grammarian noted as the most influential of all scholars of Homeric poetry. He was the librarian of the library of Alexandria and seems to have succeeded his teacherAristophanes of Byzantium in that role.

Plutocracy (from Greek πλοῦτος, ploutos, meaning “wealth”, and κράτος, kratos, meaning “power, dominion, rule”) or plutarchy, is a form of oligarchy and defines a society ruled or controlled by the small minority of the wealthiest citizens. The first known use of the term was in 1652

Demagogy. A demagogue /ˈdɛməɡɒɡ/ (from Greek dēmagōgos, dēmos ‘the people’ + agōgos ‘leading’) according to Webster’s Universal College Dictionary is a person, especially an orator or political leader, who gains power by arousing people’s emotions and prejudices.

Logic Arguments

Are those of Aristotle’s logic.


  1. In a direct democracy, such as the one conceived in Swiss Cantons, rulers are everybody meeting in the main city square.

  1. Because in large countries it could be impossible to let everybody participating to the ruling process, we work using survey sampling, which describes the process of selecting a sample of elements from a target population to conduct a survey.

  1. Now, if we are all equal, then we can extract a random sample (using the random number table) for nominating the rulers, as in statistics we do in such a case, therefore we need no votes. On the contrary, if we are not all equal, then each single vote has to be weighted; so we cannot use the method one head = one vote, and democracy becomes an aristocracy. Therefore there is no coherence in stating that democracy is the political regime of attributing to people the right and opportunity of ruling. Therefore, there is no correspondence with the Coherence theory of truth. Anyway, we can accept aristocracy as the best process for ruling, but the rulers must demonstrate that they are the best.

  1. If we assume that democracy meets the Correspondence theory of truth, which claims that true beliefs and true statements correspond to the actual state of affairs (This type of theory attempts to posit a relationship between thoughts or statements on one hand, and things or facts on the other), then we have to admit that any unethical behaviour, belief, or statement is true if it corresponds to the actual state of affairs, which is false, because ethics has to be posed as basis of our common living.

  1. Therefore, every form of aristocracy (democracy, monocracy, oligarchy, and even plutocracy) are welcome if the rulers are the best for competence, honesty and ethical behaviour.

  1. Unfortunately, humanity is not so perfect for applying this concept, then we see everywhere demagogy where demagogue  are persons, who gains power by arousing people’s emotions and prejudices.

  1. Then it is pure demagogy to talk of democracy as the best form of political regime in the world, because there is no coherence in such a statement.

Enrico Furia


  1. A real democracy in terms of a scientific theory and practise is based on concrete definition, measurement and examination of the central constructs like the voter’s will, conscience/reason, public welfare, leisure, suitability and representativeness. The entirety of democracy theory and practise does not fulfill this requirement. Therefore, the entirety of current theories of democracy rather are ideologies and false beliefs than best practise of human collective self-regulation and self-control. As long as you do not recognize this pit fall and as long as you do not define coherence properly, you wont check the importance of coherence in a real theory of democracy.


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