Segretario Generale delle Nazioni Unite
Presidente del Parlamento Europeo
Presidente della Repubblica Italiana
The situation in Ukraine appears extremely serious. The risk is that children would pay the highest price of war.
Since 1999, the United Nations Security Council has called for special attention to be paid to the fate of children involved in armed conflicts.
THAT SAID, THE SIGNATORY ASSOCIATIONS ASK THAT COMPLIANCE BE GUARANTEED:
• of the Convention on the Rights of the Child approved in 1989 which requires ALL countries that have ratified it (including Ukraine and Russia) to safeguard the health and safety of minors.
• of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1261 and 1314, adopted in 1999 and 2000, which require the parties to the conflict to respect the rules of international law relating to the protection of boys and girls involved in armed conflicts.
• of Resolution 1612, of the Security Council of the United Nations which, on April 22, 2005, decided to create a monitoring and information mechanism on the six types of violations of the rights of the child and a Working Group of the Security Council in charge of to follow, in particular by formulating recommendations and measures to be taken. The same Resolution calls on States parties that use children in armed conflicts to plan a demobilization and subsequent reintegration program.
• of Resolutions 1460 and 1539 of the Security Council of the United Nations that talks about the need to include children in disarmament, rehabilitation and reintegration programs was reiterated and hypothesized the possibility of implementing national measures specifically aimed at the parties in conflict.
• of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1379 , adopted in 2001, which requires the Secretary General of the United Nations to blacklist States parties using child soldiers.
• of the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflicts which raised the minimum age for recruitment to the armed forces from 15 to 18.
• of the Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) which defines “ war crime” the enlistment or forced involvement in armed conflict of minors under the age of 15. And likewise the sexual violence of minors during a conflict.
• of the Convention n. 182 of the ILO (ratified by 163 States) which defined the military employment of minors as one of the “worst forms of child labor and exploitation”.
GIVEN THE VULNERABILITY OF MINORS, WE ALSO ASK THAT:
• the rights of minors are guaranteed without delay even when they arrive at the border with one of the European countries so as not to prolong their suffering and trauma.
• the application of the European Directives, of the International Conventions and of the laws of the single States, in matters of Family Law, Protection of Minors is guaranteed.
• the national and international authorities responsible for this should monitor the implementation and correct application of international directives, of the national laws in force, as well as the correct application of national and international medical and psychological protocols, favouring the dissemination of positive experiences of the most advanced countries in this specific sector towards others.
• the provisions of Article 80 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union are respected by activating safe channels for the removal of minors from war sites and identifying reception places for minors from war zones through relocation projects to EU states as happened in previous cases, in particular by protecting and welcoming unaccompanied foreign minors in conditions of vulnerability.